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Yumka Dechen Gyalmo

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  Yumka Dechen Gyalmo (Wyl. yum ka bde chen rgyal mo) — the peaceful dakini practice from the Longchen Nyingtik, the terma revelation of Jikmé Lingpa.

Tulku Thondup explains[1] that Yumka Dechen Gyalmo is a sadhana practice on Yeshe Tsogyal, the consort of Guru Rinpoche, as a wisdom dakini.

It is one of the three roots practice of the Longchen Nyingtik together with Lama Rigdzin Düpa and Yidam Palchen Düpa.

In 1774 the omniscient Jikmé Lingpa visited the Tsogyal Lake.

There, amid wondrous signs, he beheld the face of the Wisdom Dakini.

He also received the symbolic scripts which he deciphered in order to produce the practice text.


Through this practice one understands the dakini Yeshe Tsogyal to be the embodiment of the three kayas.


    Ultimately she is Samantabhadri in the vast sphere of dharmakaya
    Internally she is Vajravarahi in the pure land of the sambhogakaya
    Externally she is Yeshe Tsogyal in the world of the nirmanakaya.


Texts of the Cycle


From Volume 1 (om) of the Nyingtik Tsapö (Wyl. snying thig rtsa pod), Shechen 1994:

    [[yum ka bde chen] rgyal mo'i lo rgyus]]/ p.287/288
    yum ka'i byin rlabs dbang gi chog/ pp.289-292
    yum ka mtsho rgyal bde chen rgyal mo'i rtsa ba'i sgrub pa bde chen dpal phreng/ pp.293-312
    yum ka bde chen rgyal mo'i rtsa ba’i bsnyen yig/ pp.313-319/320
    yum ka bde chen rgyal mo'i bsnyen yig yang gsal lus dkyil mngon brjod/ pp.321-331/332
    yum ka mkha' 'gro'i bdag 'jug dbang don rab gsal/ pp.333-339/340
    rig 'dzin yum ka'i me mchod las bzhi'i bang mdzod/ pp.341-350
    sku gsum bdud rtsi’i bcud / pp.351-354
    [[yum ka mkha' 'gro'i nang sgrub bde chen snying po'i gter bum]/ pp.355-379/380



Additional texts and prayers from vol. 4 (sva):


    ye shes mkha' 'gro bde chen rgyal mo'i gsol 'debs bden pa gnyis kyi myu gu dgnos grub 'byung gnas/ pp. 817-819
    mkha' 'gro'i gsol 'debs bsdus pa/ p.821/822
    rig 'dzin yum bka'i brgyud 'debs bde chen char 'bebs/ p.823/824
    yum bka mkha' 'gro'i tshogs kyi mchod pa nye bar bsdud pa grub gnyis dpal phreng/ p.825/826
    yum ka'i bskang ba/ pp.827-830
    klong chen snying gi thig le las/ yum bka' bde chen rgyal mo'i dbang gi chog bsgrigs bde chen bcud 'bebs/ pp.831-846
    yum bka' mkha 'gro'i las tshogs bzhi pa dang 'brel ba'i tshe dbang nyer bsdus/ p.847-853/854
    snying thig yum bka'i mkha' 'gro'i bsun bzlog/ pp.855-857/858

Translations

    The Queen of Great Bliss of Long-Chen Nying-Thig, translated by Tulku Thondup, Gangtok, 1983 revised 1992. Can be ordered at http://mahasiddha.org/store/Texts.html

    The Queen of Great Bliss of Long-Chen Nying-Thig, translated by Karma Sonam Drolma, Kathmandu: Dzogchen Shri Singha University, 1997

    The Longchen Nyingthig Root Sadhana of the Mother Tsogyal, The Queen of Great Bliss, called The Glorious Garland of Great Bliss, translated by Karen Liljenberg, www.zangthal.co.uk, 2006



Commentaries on Yumka Dechen Gyalmo

In Tibetan


    Jikmé Lingpa, yum ka bde chen rgyal mo'i rtsa ba’i bsnyen yig, Nyingtik Tsapö vol Om pp.313-319.
    Jikmé Lingpa, yum ka bde chen rgyal mo'i bsnyen yig yang gsal lus dkyil mngon brjod, Nyingtik Tsapö vol Om pp.321-331.
    Jikmé Lingpa, yum ka bde chen rgyal mo'i lo rgyus, Nyingtik Tsapö Vol Om p.287-288.
    Ratön Ngawang Tendzin Dorje (a disciple of Jikmé Lingpa), Yum Ka bDe Ch'en rGyal Mo'i sGrub gZhung Gi 'Grel Ba rGyud Don sNang Ba (f. 107), written in 1801.

    Dodrupchen Jikmé Tenpé Nyima, Yum Ka bDe Ch'en rGyal Mo'i sGrub gZhung Gi Zin Bris bDe Ch'en Lam bZang gSal Ba'i sGron Me (f. 22), Nyingtik Tsapö, vol. ha 5 p. 415-482.

    Dodrupchen Jikmé Tenpé Nyima, Yum Ka bDe Ch'en rGyal Mo'i rTsa sNgags Kyi 'Grel bShad rNam mKhyen bGrod Pa'i Them sKas (f. 6).
    Lingtul of Wang­da, Golok (a disciple of Alak Dongak Gyatso), Yum Ka'i rTsa sGrub Kyi Ch'o Ga'i bsDus 'Grel (f. 14).
    Lushul Khenpo Könmé of Dodrupchen monastery, Yum Ka'i Zin Bris Kha bsKong Rig 'Dzin Zhal Lung (f. 34), Nyingtik Tsapö vol ha (5) pp.483-550)
    Sangye Özer of Gyarong (a disciple of Khenpo Chechok), Yum Ka bDe Ch'en rGyal Mo'i sGrub gZhung Gi Zin Bris rMong Pa'i Mun Sel (f 19).
    Gönpo Tseten of Amdo, Yum Ka bDe Chen rGyal Mo'i rTsa Ba'i sGrub Pa bDe Ch'en dPal Phreng Gi Tshig 'Grel (f. 63). Included in sngags mang zhib 'jug vol.8, Ngak Mang Institute, 2003


The Empowerment of Yumka Dechen Gyalmo


The empowerment has been given many times to the Rigpa sangha, including:


    Dzogchen Rinpoche, Santa Cruz, CA, USA, December 1985
    Kyabjé Dodrupchen Rinpoche, Brunissard, France, 23rd August 1989
    Kyabjé Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, Prapoutel, France, 19th August 1990
    Dzogchen Rinpoche, Kirchheim, Germany, December 1998
    Kyabjé Trulshik Rinpoche, Lerab Ling, Saturday 13th November 1999
    Tulku Pegyal Rinpoche, Dzogchen Beara, 16th December, 1999
    Garje Khamtrul Rinpoche, Dzogchen Beara, 8th October 2000
    Kyabjé Trulshik Rinpoche, Lerab Ling, Sunday June 29th 2003
    Kyabjé Trulshik Rinpoche, Kirchheim, Monday 29th December 2003
    Kyabjé Trulshik Rinpoche, Lerab Ling, Saturday 10th December 2005

Notes


    The Queen of Great Bliss of Long-Chen Nying-Thig, translated by Tulku Thondup, Gangtok, 1983 revised 1992, p. 1.


Further Reading

    Anne C. Klein, 'The Birthless Birthgiver: Reflections on the Liturgy of Yeshe Tsogyel, the Great Bliss Queen' in Tibet Journal, Vol.XII, No.4, Winter, 1987

    Anne C. Klein, 'The Great Bliss Queen', in Buddhism in Practice, edited by Donald S. Lopez Jr., Princeton University Press, 1995

Source

http://www.rigpawiki.org/index.php?title=Yumka_Dechen_Gyalmo