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Upakleśa

From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
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upakleśa; Secondary defilement. In its less technical sense, this term is also used to refer to defilement in general.

upa-kleśa m. (with Buddh.) a lesser Kleśa (q.v.) or cause of misery (as conceit, pride &c.) Sarvad


1) five omnipresent (kun 'gro, sarvatraga) mental factors;

(2) five determining (yul nges, viṣaya-pratiniyama) mental factors;

(3) eleven virtuous (dge ba, kuśala) mental factors;

(4) six root afflictions (rtsa nyon, mūla-kleśa);

(5) twenty secondary afflictions (nye nyong, upakleśa); and

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(6) four changeable (gzhan 'gyur, anyathābhāva) mental factors.

The twenty secondary afflictions are:

(1) belligerence (khro ba, krodha);

(2) resentment ('khon 'dzin, upanāha);

(3) concealment ('chab pa, mrakṣa);

(4) spite ('tshig pa, pradāsa);

(5) jealousy (īrṣyā);

(6) miserliness (mātsarya);

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(7) deceit (sgyu, māyā);

(8) dissimulation (g.yo, śāṭhya);

(9) haughtiness (rgyags pa, mada);

(10) harmfulness (rnam par 'tshe ba, vihiṃsā);

(11) non-shame (ngo tsha med pa, āhrīkya);

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(12) non-embarrassment (khrel med, anapatrāpya);

(13) lethargy (rmugs pa, styāna);

(14) excitement (rgod pa, auddhatya);

(15) non-faith (ma dad pa, āśraddhya);

(16) laziness (le lo, kausīdya);

(17) non-conscientiousness (bag med pa, pramāda);

(18) forgetfulness (brjed nges pa, muṣita-smṛtitā);

(19) non-introspection (shes bzhin ma yin pa, asaṃprajanya);

(20) distraction (rnam par g/yeng pa, vikṣepya).

Source

dictionary.buddhistdoor.com