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Upakkilesa

From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
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'impurities', corruptions, imperfections (a frequent rendering by 'defilements' is better reserved for kilesa).

A list of 16 moral 'impurities of the mind' (cittassa upakkilesa) is mentioned and explained in M.7 & 8 (WHEEL. 61/62):


There are 3 groups of upakkilesa pertaining to meditation :

(a) 9 mental imperfections occurring in 'one devoted to higher mental training' (adhicitta);
3 coarse ones - evil conduct in deeds, words and thoughts;
3 medium - thoughts of sensual desire, ill will and cruelty;
3 subtle - thoughts about one's relatives, one's country and one's reputation (A.III.100).

(b) 18 imperfections in the practice of mindfulness of breathing (ānāpāna-sati), mentioned in Pts.M., ānāpāna-kathā (tr. in Mindfulness of Breathing, by Ñānamoli Thera (p. 60; BPS).

(c) 10 'imperfections of insight' (-meditation, vipassanūpakkilesa); s. visuddhi V.

Source

palikanon.com