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Three gateways to liberation

From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
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The three gateways to liberation (Tib. རྣམ་ཐར་སྒོ་གསུམ་, nam tar go sum; Wyl. rnam thar sgo gsum) are features of all phenomena which provide a means to realize their absolute nature. They are:

  1. emptiness (Skt. śūnyatā; Tib. སྟོང་པ་ཉིད་, tongpa nyi; Wyl. stong pa nyid)
  2. absence of characteristics or attributes (Skt. animitta; Tib. མཚན་ཉིད་མེད་པ་, tsen nyi mépa; Wyl. mtshan nyid med pa)
  3. wishlessness, absence of expectancy (Skt. apraṇihita; Tib. སྨོན་པ་མེད་པ་, mönpa mépa; Wyl. smon pa med pa)

Alternative Translations

  • three gates of emancipation
  • three doors of deliverance
  • three approaches to liberation (Dorje & Kapstein)
  • three avenues/ doorways to liberation
  • three doors of perfect liberation (Padmakara in Treasury of Precious Qualities)

Further Reading

  • Kangyur Rinpoche, Treasury of Precious Qualities (Boston: Shambhala, 2001), Appendix 10, pp. 347-8

External Links

Source

RigpaWiki:Three gateways to liberation