His association with the Dudjom Lineage is a long one: he is held to be the incarnation of Tulku Drime Oser, who was one of seven sons of Dudjom Lingpa (sGas-gter bDud-‘joms Gling-pa Khrag-‘thung Nus-ldan rDorje 1835-1904).
In his youth in Tibet he studied for 9 years at Mindrolling Monastery, one of the six major monasteries of the Nyingma school in Tibet. Having fled Tibet, he spent some time in Bhutan, where his son was born, and in his later years he divided his time between the United States and Nepal.
Thog mthaʼ bar gsum du dge baʼi gtam lta sgom spyod gsun ñams len dam paʼi sñiṅ not źes bya ba bźugs so The practice of the essence of the sublime heart jewel]], view, meditation and action, the propitious speech from the beginning, middle and end]. Trans.
- Thinley Norbu (1985). The small golden key to the treasure of the various essential necessities of general and extraordinary Buddhist Dharma. Trans. Lisa Anderson (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Jewel Publishing House. p. 126.
- — (1982). Magic Dance: The Display of the Self-nature of the Five Wisdom Dakinis. p. 164.
- — (1992). White Sail: Crossing the Waves of Ocean Mind to the Serene Continent of the Triple Gems. Boston: Shambhala. p. 226
- — (1997). Welcoming Flowers from Across the Cleansed Threshold of Hope: an answer to the Pope's criticism of Buddhism. New York, NY: Jewel Pub. House. p. (a response to John Paul II (Karol Józef Wojtyła) (1994). Vittorio Messori. ed. Varcare la soglia della speranza [Crossing the Threshold of Hope]. Trans. Jenny McPhee and Martha McPhee. New York, NY: Knopf. pp. 79–90)
- —; Bdud-ʼjoms-gliṅ-pa, Gter-ston (Terton Dudjom Lingpa) (2006 (2008)). A Cascading Waterfall of Nectar. Boston, MA: Shambhala. p. 335.