Suddhodana was the ruler of the Sakyā tribe and the father of Siddhattha Gotama.The name means ‘Pure Rice.’ Traditionally, Suddhodana is said to have been a great king but he was probably more like a ruler elected by the Sākyan tribal Council. Most courts in ancient India had a Body of men called ‘king makers’ (rājakattāro, D.II,233). No Doubt it was such a group who elected Suddhodana to rule over them and the rest of the tribe. Suddhodana had two wives – Mahā Māyā who was Siddhattha’s mother and who died soon after his birth, and Mahā Pajāpatī Gotamī who became his step-mother. Suddhodana was very critical of his son’s Desire to renounce the World but eventually became his supporter and Disciple.
[浄飯王] (Skt; Pali Suddhodana; Jpn Jobonno)
A king of Kapilavastu in northern India and the father of Shakyamuni. According to the Sutra of the Collected Stories of The Buddha's Deeds in Past Lives, Shuddhodana was the eldest son of King Simhahanu. Shuddhodana's wife, Maya, died seven days after giving birth to Shakyamuni, after which he married Maya's younger sister, Mahaprajapati. With Mahaprajapati, he had another son, Nanda. Shuddhodana originally opposed his son Shakyamuni's Desire to renounce the secular World and lead a religious Life, but when Shakyamuni returned to his home Kapilavastu as The Buddha after his Awakening, Shuddhodana converted to The Buddha's teachings. Five years after Shakyamuni's Enlightenment, Shuddhodana is said to have died of illness at age seventy-nine (ninety-seven according to another account). The name Shuddhodana is rendered in Chinese translations of Sutras as "Pure Rice."