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Subrahma

From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
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1. Subrahma. A Devaputta. He visits the Buddha at Veluvana and tells him that his heart is full of dismay. The Buddha replies that the only path out of sorrow is by way of wisdom, renunciation and restraint (S.i.53). According to the Commentary, (SA.i.88f.; DA.iii.750; MA.i.190f ), he was a devaputta of Tavatimsa, and one day went to the Nandana Park with one thousand nymphs. Five hundred of them sat with him under the Paricchattaka tree, while the others climbed the tree, from which they threw garlands and sang songs. Suddenly all of them vanished and were born in Avici. Subrahma, discovering their destiny and investigating his own, finds that he has only seven days more to live. Full of grief, he seeks the Buddha for consolation. At the end of the Buddhas discourse he becomes a sotapanna.

2. Subrahma. A Pacceka Brahma. He was a follower of the Buddha, and, after visiting him together with Suddhavasa, he went on to another Brahma, who was infatuated with his own importance. There, by a display of magic power, Subrahma convinced him that he was far more powerful than the Brahma, but declared that his own power was as nothing compared with that of the Buddha (S.i.146f). On another occasion,

Subrahma visited the Buddha to declare the folly of Kokalika and of Katamoraka Tissa (S.i.148). Subrahma was present at the preaching of the Mahasamaya Sutta. D.ii.261.

3. Subrahma. A brahmin who will be the father of Metteyya Buddha. His wife will be Brahmavati (DhSA.415; Vsm.434). He will be the chaplain of King Sankha (Anagat.vs.96). According to the Mahavamsa (Mhv.xxxii.82) he is identical with Kakavannatissa.