klesa: Defilements, vices, negative psychological tendencies or afflictions. Under the influence of these defilements, individuals perform unwholesome acts that result in repeated rebirths in samsara. The three most common and the root of all others are greed (raga) or lust, hatred (dvesa) or aversion, and ignorance (avidya). Others include arrogance (mana), doubt (vicikitsa) and false views or opinonatedness (drsti). Delusion (moha), laxity (styana), excitability (auddhatya), shamelessness (ahrika), and recklessness (anapatrapya) are also listed.