Kamakura (鎌倉市 Kamakura-shi?) is a city located in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, about 50 kilometres (31 miles) south-south-west of
Tokyo. Although Kamakura proper is today rather small, it is often described in history books as a former de facto capital of
Japan as the seat of the Shogunate and of the Regency during the Kamakura Period. Kamakura was designated as a city on November 3, 1939.
As of June 1, 2012, the modern city has an estimated population of 174,412 and a population density of 4,400 persons per km². The total area is 39.60 km².
Kamakura has a beach which, in combination with its temples and proximity to Tokyo, makes it a popular tourist destination.
Important period of Japanese history (1185–1335) when the rise of the Shōguns (q.v.) made Kamakura, a city on the sea
to the south of Tokyo, a second capital,
and drew teachers and artists from the seat of the Emperor, Kyoto. Here Bst Schools from China, notably Rinzai Zen, found a
new home. Here was the birthplace of
Bushidō, and the rise in importance of Jūdō and Kendō. Engakuji (q.v.) was founded here in 1282, and the Daibutsu (q.v.) erected in 1252.