Kunkhyen Pema Karpo
Kunkhyen Pema Karpo (Tibetan: ཀུན་མཁྱེན་པད་མ་དྐར་པོ་, Wylie: Kun-mkhyen Pad-ma Dkar-po) (1527-1592 CE) was the fourth Gyalwang Drukpa, head of the Drukpa lineage of Tibetan Buddhism. He was the most famous and learned of all the Gyalwang Drukpas. During his lifetime, he was known as the grand lama amongst all grand lamas, and was a teacher to many lamas and disciples all over Tibet.
Khunkhyen Pema Karpo (1527-1592): shortly after his birth, the 4th Gyalwang Drukpa, was heard by many chanting the Six-Syllable Mantra seven times, and therefore, as a child, he was also known as "Ah-Om-Mani-Pa", the child chanting the Six-Syllable Mantra.
He was the most famous and learned of all the Gyalwang Drukpas. During his lifetime, he was known as the grand lama amongst all grand lamas, and was a teacher to many lamas and disciples all over Tibet. His Holiness the 5th Dalai Lama truly admired Pema Karpo for his knowledge and understanding of the Truth.
Pema Karpo authored twenty-four volumes writing on philosophy, logic, literature, history, and astrology which have since formed a widely studied corpus of work. He is also quite famous for his writings on Mahamudra. He founded Druk Sangag Choeling monastery at Jar in southern Tibet, establishing it as the new seat of the Drukpa lineage.
Important monasteries of the Drukpa order include:
- Ralung Monastery in central Tibet just north of Bhutan
- Druk Sangag Choeling Monastery
- Hemis Monastery
- Thimphu Dzong, which houses the Central Monk Body of Bhutan in summer
- Punakha Dzong, the winter home of the Central Monk Body
- Namdruk Monastery