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Four tenet systems

From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
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Four tenet systems — in the Indian Mahayana Buddhist monasteries, such as Nalanda, monks studied four systems of Buddhist tenets.


These systems are:

The Tibetans have followed this custom, but have made further subdivisions within these four systems.

For example, within Madhyamaka, they have differentiated Svatantrika Madhyamaka from Prasangika Madhyamaka.

Within Svatantrika Madhyamaka, the Gelug school has further classified Indian authors as Yogachara Svatantrika or Sautrantika Svatantrika.

The various non-Gelug schools have subdivided Madhyamaka in yet other ways.


Major Authors and Texts

Vaibhashika

Sautrantika


Chittamatra (or Yogachara)


Madhyamaka


Two Divisions of Madhyamaka



Svatantrika-Madhyamaka is studied in general in the context of far-reaching discriminating awareness (Wyl. phar-phyin, Skt. prajnaparamita, perfection of wisdom), as formulated by Maitreya.

Prasangika-Madhyamaka is studied primarily through the works of Chandrakirti (Zla-ba grags-pa), Aryadeva (‘Phags-pa lha), Shantideva (Zhi-ba lha), and Buddhapalita (Sang-rgyas bskyangs).

Other proponents of this tenet system are:


The Two Divisions of Svatantrika-Madhyamaka


Yogachara-Svatantrika is studied through the works of Shantarakshita and his disciples, Kamalashila and Haribhadra.


Other proponents of this tenet system are:


Sautrantika-Svatantrika


Further Reading



Footnotes

Source

RigpaWiki:Four tenet systems