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Four Reliance

From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
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Four Reliance

The four standards of Right Dharma which buddhist should rely on or abide by:

1. to abide by the Dharma, not the person
2. to abide by the sutras of ultimate truth, not the sutras of incomplete truth
3. to abide by the meaning, not the word
4. to abide by the wisdom, not the consciousness.


(1) to rely on the Law and not upon persons;
(2) to rely on the meaning of the teaching and not upon the words;
(3) to rely on wisdom and not upon discriminative thinking; and
(4) to rely on sutras that are complete and final and not upon those that are not complete and final.