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Five vidyas

From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
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five vidyas (wu míng): They include everything that is good and bright and helps living beings and are grouped into five categories:

1) the healing vidya of medicine, health, and fixing that which is broken (cikitsvidya or cikitsadvidya);
2) the craftsmanship vidya of arts and crafts, mathematics, science and technology (silpakarmasthanavidya or silpasthanavidya);
3) the sound vidya of speech, grammar and composition, linguistics, phonology, literary studies, and music (sabdavidya);
4) the causal vidya of logic and reasoning (hetuvidya); and
5) the inner realization vidya of metaphysics, psychology, or inner special philosophy (adhyatmavidya) which in this context means knowledge of the ultimate truths of the universe as taught by the Buddhas and the ability to apply this knowledge to help living beings, including the use of supernormal powers.

They represent the realization of enlightened beings. THey are the result of what they do. Referred to as the Five Brightnesses (wu-ming) in Chinese. Part of the “Supermundane Dharmas.” The Great Dharma King has told us that the Sanskrit term vidya, in its limited translation as an area of knowledge is not the correct. However, since “science” which is also sometimes used to translate this principle is also inadequate, we will continue to use vidyas since there does not seem to be any better term available in English with the caveat that it is used here to include everything in the universe that benefits living beings. “Vidya” is after all the opposite of “avidya” which is the classic Sanskrit term for ignorance.

See; SEVEN JEWELS and “ten vidyas.”

The concept is also explained and demonstrated in H.H. Dorje Chang Buddha III.


see also; Five Vidyas

Source

xuanfa.net