Dharma character school
Its proponents preferred the title Consciousness-only school . The movement that would eventually receive these names was initiated in China by Xuanzang , who, on his return from India, brought with him a wagonload of the most important Consciousness-only texts.
These, with government support and many assistants, he translated into . His disciple Kuiji wrote a number of important commentaries on the Yogacara texts and further developed the influence of this doctrine in China. Kuiji is considered the first patriarch of this school.
The Faxiang teachings were transmitted to Korea and Japan , where they made considerable impact. Although a relatively small Hosso sect exists in Japan to this day, the original tradition has all but died out as an independent sect. However, its Consciousness-only teachings made a major impact on the native East Asian traditions that would later develop, most notably Tiantai, Huayan and Buddhism.
The term Faxiang itself was first applied to this tradition by the Huayan thinker Fazang , who used it to emphasize the inferiority of Faxiang teachings, which only dealt with the phenomenal appearances of the dharmas in contrast to Huayan, which dealt with the underlying nature on which such phenomenal appearances were based.