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Chronology of the Kalacakratantra

From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
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Extant Sanskrit Kalacakra Manuscripts

(after Banerjee, 1985)

Ms


Description

C


Cambridge University Manuscript (1)

L


Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland (2)

P & P1


K.P. Jayswal Research Institute (Patna) (3 & 4)

V


Vishva-Bharati (5)

Characteristics of the Mss

Ms


Paper


Script


Title

C


Palm leaf Ms


Middle Bengali


Shri Kalacakratantra
(copied in 1446 in Maghada)

L


Palm leaf Ms


Old Bengali


Shri Kalacakratantra

P1


Palm leaf Ms


Old Bengali


Shri Mahakalacakra

P


Palm leaf Ms


Old Bengali (smaller)


Shri Mahakalacakra

V


Handmade paper


Nagari


Shri Kalacakratantra

Some Dates

Date


Event

-621


Birth of Gautama acc. to Singhalese Chron. (HPB in Theosophical Glossary, p.65)

-560


Birth of the historical Buddha Gautama (death -480) (acc. to 14th Dalai Lama)

-480


K. Mulatantra preached by the Buddha in his 80th year, preserved in Shambala

-480


Death of Gautama

-479


K. Mulatantra, 12000 verses, expounded at the request of Suchandra, king of Shambala, emanation of Vajrapani (date: 1 yr after preaching of K.) Suchandra himself is said to have written a commentary of 60000 verses on the K. Mulatantra.

-529


Enlightenment of the Buddha at his 35th year (Thurman)

600 (ca.)


First palm leaf scriptures

617-698


King Songtsen Gampo: design of Tibetan script

624


Moslem invasion in India

627


Manjushrikirti, 8th king of Shambala, 1st Kulika, composes the K. Laghutantra (should be 800 yrs after Suchandra) (Csoma: comp. Gr. Epiphanes) Also called Yashas or Yasoraja.

700 (ca.)


First appearance of Nagari script

727


Pundarika, 2nd Kulika, composes Vimalaprabha, 12000 verses, being a commentary on the K. Laghutantra

966


Chilupa's return to India from Shambala, taking with him K. and Pundarika's Vimalaprabha. Start of spread of K. in India, Name also spelled Tsi Lu Pa, or Tilopa, probably id. with Kalachakrapada. (should be 800 yrs after the reign of Pundarika)

974-1026


King Mahipala of Bengal: effective spread of K. in India

?-1027


Naropa (student of Chilupa (Tilopa), abbot of Nalanda in Magadha, Bihar, in Skt. called Nadapada, or lesser Kalachakrapada), writes commentary to K. (Mulatantra?) initiation section, called Sekoddeshatika. Naropa got his K. initiation from the first K. master in India.

1012-1096


Marpa, student of Naropa

1026


Introduction of K. into Tibet (60 yrs after Chilupa's return, on which sources seem to agree)


First translation into Tibetan by Gyi Jo, student of Bhadrabodhi, (in turn) student of Chilupa


Somanatha fr. Kashmir, student of Naropa, with Shes rab grags, translated Pundarika's Vimalaprabha into Tibetan -> Dro tradition ('Bro)

1027


Start of 60 year time cycles of K. (Introduction of K. into Tibet)

1040-1123


Milarepa, student of Marpa -> Kagyu order (alt. 1025-1135)

1042


Atisha in Tibet:introduction of K. alt.

11th-12th c.


Last Buddhist strongholds in Northern India

1200 (ca.)


First appearance of Bengali script


P1 Ms in Old Bengali script


P Ms in Old Bengali script (smaller)


L Ms in Old Bengali script

1290-1364


Budon (composition of Tib. Canon, various K. commentaries), part of Ra tradition (Rva)

1292-1361


Dolpopa: Jonangpa teachings based on K.

1357-1419


Tsongkhapa: K. initiate, various commentaries

1385-1438


Kedrup Je: commentaries

1442


Inscription in Burma: Mahakalacakka and Mahakalacakkatika <- K. known in Upper Burma

1446


C Ms colophon date (Middle Bengali script)


V Ms in Nagari script

1966


D Delhi Edition Raghuvira and Lokesh Chandra (Skt./Tib./Mong.)

1985


Critical Ed. Banerjee, based on CLPV Mss & D Ed.

2327


Start of the reign of the last, 25th, Kulika

2425


End of present timecircle

Source

[1]