The 4th International Conference Buddhism & Australia

26-28 February, 2015
Trinity College Conference Centre, University of Western Australia
Perth, Western Australia

The IC Buddhism & Australia investigates the history, current and future directions of Buddhism in Australasian region and will be held on 26-28 February, 2015 at the University of Western Australia, in Perth.

The conference is a platform for scientists and Buddhists to present their recent and latest researches and to complete each other by revealing different aspects and materials on Buddhism; to consider future directions of Buddhism so that Buddhist education continues to be responsive to the needs of learners in changing times across diverse contexts.

The organizers are open to proposals for contributions on Buddhist history, philosophy, texts as well for proposals on any related theme.

Special focus for Buddhism & Australia 2015: Buddhist Symbols and Symbolism

All Buddhists, scholars and members of the general public interested in Buddhism are invited to present their papers in this coming conference.

Where: Trinity College Conference Centre, University of Western Australia
Address: 230 Hampden Rd, Crawley WA 6009
Timeline: 9.30am - Check in
10.00am – 4.00pm Presentations

Conference extra

Documentary "Light on the Lotus Hill" on Friday, 27 February, 2015
Author: Chan Chow Wah, Singapore.

Free Taichi session on Saturday, 28 February,2015
8.30am – 9.30am by Taichi Zone specialists for all participants

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Akanishtha (Skt. Akaniṣṭha; Tib. འོག་མིན་, Omin; Wyl. 'og min) —The word "Akanishtha" means 'not below', or 'above all'. It refers to the pure abodes whose characteristic is, according to the Omniscient Longchenpa, that there is nothing above them, and there are no features from elsewhere that surpass them.[1] So, the name 'Akanishtha' is used throughout the teachings to refer to different abodes, which all share the common characteristic of being the highest, in relation to specific criteria. The great Indian master Buddhaguhya distinguishes six different ways of using the name Akanishtha. Longchenpa speaks of three types of Akanishtha in relation to the three kayas.

  1. The highest heaven of the form realm. According to Mahayana, buddhas first reach full enlightenment in Akanishtha, and then manifest enlightenment through a nirmanakaya body in the human realm.
  1. Akanishtha (Tib. འོག་མིན་སྟུག་པོ་བཀོད་པའི་ཞིང་ཁམས་, Wyl. 'og min stug po bkod pa'i zhing khams) or Omin Chenpo (Tib. འོག་མིན་ཆེན་པོ་, Wyl. 'og min chen po), in Vajrayana, also refers to the pure sambhogakaya field from which emanate all pure nirmanakaya fields. In the three kaya mandala offering of the Longchen Nyingtik Ngöndro, Akanishtha is also referred to as 'the highest heaven of great bliss, the realm of Ghanavyūha' (Tib. སྟུག་པོ་བཀོད་པ་, Wyl. stug po bkod pa).
  2. Akanishtha is also the name of Vairochana's buddha field.


  1. See The Guhyagarbha Tantra, Secret Essence Definitive Nature Just As it is, with Commentary by Longchen Rabjam, Light of Berotsana, Snow Lion, 2011, page 156.



Akanishtha Heaven
阿5尼q天色究竟天 (Skt; Jpn Akanita-ten or Shikikukyo-ten)

Akanishtha (og min). The 'highest;' the realm of Vajradhara, the enlightened sphere the dharmakaya buddha. Often used as a synonym for 'dharmadhatu.'

Also, Summit of Being Heaven. The highest of the eighteen heavens of the world of form. The living beings in this heaven are said to possess a pure body, free from all desires, suffering, and illness. The world of form is the middle division of the threefold world.


Akanishta 'og min.

1) Non-higher. The highest Buddhafield. There are six places that have this name, from the eighth paradise of the gods of the fourth concentration up to the absolute Akanishta, which is inconceivable.
2) the highest of the heavens of the form realm.
3) The 'highest;' the realm of Vajradhara, the enlightened sphere of dharmakaya buddha. Can also refer to the highest abode of gods in the form realms.
4) For a discussion of the various types of Akanishtha, see Gyurme Dorje's translation of Longchen Rabjam's phyogs bcu mun sel.
5) Often used as a synonym for 'dharmadhatu.'
6) ultimate (don gyi 'og min) [RY]

1) Akanishta realm ('og min)
2) Gandavyuha Akanishta;
3) the densely arrayed buddha-field of Akanishta [IW]

Realm of Akanishtha; Akanishtha realm ('og min gyi zhing). The highest buddha realm. [RY]