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Krakucchanda

From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia
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Sanskrit : Krakkucchanda

Pāli : Kakusandha

Burmese : ကကုသန် ([ka̰kṵθàɴ])

Chinese : 拘留孙佛

Japanese : 拘留孫; くるそん; Kuruson

Mongolian : Кракучандра

Tibetan : Khorvadjig

Vietnamese : Phật Câu Lưu Tôn


Krakucchanda
拘留孫仏 (Skt; Jpn Kuruson-butsu)

The fourth of the seven Buddhas of the past described in the Long Agama Sutra, the Seven Buddhas Sutra, and other Buddhist texts.

The first three are said to have appeared in the past Glorious Kalpa, and the other four, the last being Shakyamuni, in the present Wise Kalpa.

Krakucchanda is the first of the four Buddhas in the present Wise Kalpa.

The Wise Kalpa Sutra describes Krakucchanda as the first of the thousand Buddhas in the present Wise Kalpa.

Source

sgilibrary.org





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Buddha Krakucchanda (Skt.; Wyl. 'khor ba 'jig) was the very first buddha of this Fortunate Aeon, during which 1002 buddhas will appear.

According to the Basic vehicle, he is the fourth of the seven heroic buddhas, who preceded Buddha Shakyamuni.


Further Reading

  • The Fortunate Aeon: How the Thousand Buddhas Became Enlightened (Berkeley: Dharma Publishing, 1986), volume 2, page 519.

Source

RigpaWiki:Krakucchanda







In Buddhist tradition, Kakusandha (Pāli) is the name of the twenty-fifth Buddha, the first of the five Buddhas of the present kalpa, and the fourth of the seven ancient Buddhas.

He is known in Sanskrit as Krakucchanda, and in Tibetan as Khorvadjig. Kakusandha was preceded by Vessabhū, and succeeded by Koṇāgamana.

His biography is recorded in the Buddhavamsa, one of the books of the Pāli Canon.

Life

Kakusandha Buddha was born in Khemavati (now Gotihawa), in Kapilavastu District, in the Lumbini Zone of southern Nepal. His father was Aggidatta, a Brahmin chaplain of the king Khemankara of Khemavati. His mother was Visakha. His wife was Virochamana (also known as Rocani); he had a son, Uttara (son of Kakusandha). Asoka visited Gotihawa, Nepal when he visited Lumbini, Nepal and installed a stone pillar and inscribed his visit in the pillar. There is also a stupa in Gothihawa. Therefore, it is generally accepted due to the pillar that the birthplace of Kakusandha is in Gothihawa, Nepal near Kapilvastu, Lumbini, Devadaha and Ramagrama of Nepal.

Kakusandha lived for four thousand years in the household in three palaces: Ruci, Suruci and Vaddhana (or Rativaddhana). At the age of four thousand, he renounced the worldly life while riding on a chariot. He practised austerities for eight months. Before attaining enlightenment, he had accepted some milk-rice from the daughter of the Brahmin Vajirindha of the village Suchirindha, as well as grass for his seat from the yavapalaka Subhadda. He attained enlightenment under a sirisa tree, then delivered his first sermon to the assembly of eighty-four thousand monks in a park near Makila.

Kakusandha performed the twin miracle under a sala tree, at the gates of Kannakujja. Among his converts was a fierce yaksha named Naradeva. Kakusandha kept the fast-day (uposatha) every year.

His chief disciples were Vidhura and Sanjiva among the monks, and Sama and Champa among the nuns. His personal attendant was Buddhija. Acchuta and Samana among the men, and Nanda and Sunanda among the women were his chief lay-supporters. Acchuta built a monastery for Kakusandha Buddha on the same site, which was later chosen by Anathapindika for Jetavana Arama for Gautama Buddha.

According to the Samyutta Nikaya (ii.194), the Vepulla peak of Rajgir was then called Pachinvamsa; and the people of the region Tivara.

Kakusandha's body was forty cubits in height, and he died at the age of forty thousand years in Khemavati. The thūpa erected over his relics was one league high.

The bodhisattva who was to become Siddhartha Gautama was born as King Khema during the time of Kakusandha. Kakusandha was the Buddha who foretold that King Khema, who offered him alms with robes and medicines, would become the Gautama Buddha in the future.

Source

Wikipedia:Krakucchanda







Kakusandha is the name of the twenty-fifth Buddha, the first of the five Buddhas of the present era, and the fourth of the seven ancient Buddhas. In the Buddhist texts in Sanskrit, this Buddha is known as Krakucchanda. In Tibetan, he is known as Khorvadjig.

The following biography is recorded in the Buddhavamsa, one of the books of the Pāli Canon.

He was one of the 28 Buddhas of this world system.

Kakusandha was born in Khema Park in Gothihawa in Lumbini Zone, Nepal . His father was Aggidatta, a Brahmin chaplain of the king Khemankara of Khemavati. His mother was Visakha. His wife was Virochamana (also known as Rocani); he had a son, Uttara. Asoka visited Gotihawa, Nepal when he visited Lumbini, Nepal and installed a stone pillar and inscribed his visit in the pillar. There is also a stupa in Gothihawa. Therefore, it is generally accepted due to the pillar that the birthplace of Kakusandha is in Gothihawa, Nepal near Kapilvastu, Lumbini, Devadaha and Ramagrama of Nepal.

Kakusandha lived for four thousand years in the household in three palaces: Ruci, Suruci and Vaddhana (or Rativaddhana). At the age of four thousand, he renounced the worldly life while riding on a chariot. He practised austerities for eight months. Beforing attaining enlightenment, he had accepted some milk-rice from the daughter of the brahmin Vajirindha of the village Suchirindha, as well as grass for his seat from the yavapalaka Subhadda. He attained enlightenment (Buddhism) under a sirisa tree, then delivered his first sermon to the assembly of eighty-four thousand monks in a park near Makila.

Kakusandha performed the twin miracle under a sala tree, at the gates of Kannakujja. Among his converts was a fierce yaksha named Naradeva. Kakusandha kept the fast-day (uposatha) every year.

His chief disciples were Vidhura and Sanjiva among the monks, and Sama and Champa among the nuns. His personal attendant was Buddhija. Acchuta and Samana among the men, and Nanda and Sunanda among the women were his chief lay-supporters. Acchuta built a monastery for Kakusandha Buddha on the same site, which was later chosen by Anathapindika for Jetavana Arama for Gautama Buddha.

According to the Samyutta Nikaya (ii.194), the Vepulla peak of Rajgir was then called Pachinvamsa; and the people of the region Tivara.

Kakusandha died at the age of forty thousand years at the Khema Park. The bodhisattva who was to become Siddhartha Gautama was born as King Khema during the time of Kakusandha.

Since there is no archeological evidence for the existence of Kakusandha, he is placed in the Legendary figures category. But for Theravada Buddhists and most other Buddhists, Kakusandha was a real person who became a Buddha.

Source

dhammawiki.com